In 2014, I took a trip through Spain, Portugal, and Morocco. It was at this time that I ended up in Salamanca Spain, an intellectual center of Northwestern Spain that boasts the Country’s oldest university, more importantly it is known for a traditional meat pie called Hornazo.
For those of you looking for a comprehensive explanation of the Camino de Santiago, the rich literary history of Salamanca, why the scallops shells are all over the place, or even the necromantic history of the city, I’m sorry to disappoint.
This post is mostly about meat pies and how male students will stick it anywhere.
Hornazo is a stuffed meat pie that has eggs, ham, Chorizo, and ground meat in it. It can be found in other parts of Spain now, but when you combine this little pocket of goodness with the scenic backdrop of Salamanca’s rich culture and you’ve got a meal worth the pilgrimage.
The Hornazo is woven into the history of Salamaca and like most great things in life, it involves students, prostitutes, and the Catholic Church. The university was the center of intellectual thought and theology during Spain’s golden age, but despite all this, young men will be young men.
The Frog & The Skull
La Puerta de Salamanca is an intricately carved piece on the face of the university. It was commissioned in the 16th century and has been adopted into the mythos of the city. Somewhere on this fascade is a small carving of a skull and a frog.
The frog & the skull have both positive and negative connotations. Students believe that wouldn’t pass your exams if you didn’t find the frog first. It’s also said to represents a physician that tirelessly tried to save a young prince in 1497 (the skull) before the he died. In a more dubious interpretation the skull and the frog represent a warning to salacious young men who enjoy the company of prostitutes. The frog representing a myriad of diseases and the skull representing death (big shock, I know). Neither one of these things have anything to do with the Hornazo (as far as I know, frogs and death don’t eat meat pies), but it sets the stage for the tradition of eating it.
Lunes de Aguas
In the 16th Century, Prince Felipe II of Spain got married in Salamanca to his Portuguese bride. The wedding celebration went on for a week and the 16 year old prince (who was quite pious) was shocked that the city was filled with such vice. He passed an edict forcing deviant behavior to cease during the 40 days of Lent. This forced the prostitutes outside of the city, on the opposite banks of the Tormes river. After 40 days of repentance and giving up social media (especially in the 16th century), the prostitutes would be welcomed back into the city. This was the first Monday after Lent.
The students of Salamanca would welcome back the professionals with celebration, painting and decorating boats to get them back across the river. Wine would flow and Hornazo would be eaten all over the city. The Monday after lent would become known as “Lunes De Aguas” and is celebrated to this very day by families (likely without the prostitutes, or maybe with them, I don’t judge).
one of the most beloved part of Spanish Cuisine is it’s spice palate & smoked meats. The Hornazo combines those flavors in a way that is unlike any other. It’s a dish that is almost exclusive to Salamanca, but it somehow represented something so classical about Spanish food. It has roots in a city that is so rich in history that I can’t help but dream about the days when I can go back.
It’s a city of unlimited cultural significance and the Hornazo is but a small part of it all. There is so much more to tell about this amazing city and I urge all of you to experience it for yourself.
Along with my tour guide, I used this website for references.